Life story

There were many times in my life where things didn’t go the way I had planned and took a different toll into what I originally imagined. A time in my life where growing up with a huge family was stressful. Also, a time where I didn’t know what I wanted to major in when I was in college. Furthermore, I am planning on moving out of the country in the next couple of years. However, these main times in my life where something that first seemed like a disadvantage eventually became or will become something positive. Going to community college was very stressful being that I did not know what my set goals were. Almost all of my classmates were sure of what route they were taking for their future and that made me feel lost and not prepared. Eventually, I dropped out of college and started working two jobs. In that time frame of me working two jobs, I stumbled upon a Dental Assistant catalog and it caught my eye. Long story short, I graduated as a Dental Assistant and now I work as an office manager in a dentist office. Furthermore, I am looking to further my career and start studying to become a Dental Hygienist. Instead of wasting my time and money going to college with no idea of what to succeed in, I took my time and did things at my own pace. Growing up in my household was super hectic. My mom and dad had eight kids in total, five boys and three girls. You can imagine how cramped it would be having 10 people under one roof. There was no privacy, altercations between siblings, and non-stop complaints from our neighbors. As the time went on, my older siblings eventually moved out and started a family of their own. The obstacle changed from fighting with each other to missing each other. Holidays’ became more significant and now we appreciate the moments we’ve had together and pass the memories along to the next generation. The past year in the United States has been an unsafe environment. Lately, there have been reports of shootings, murders, and suicides. Living in the United States has become such a disadvantage and made me realize that I don’t want to plan and raise my kids here. Furthermore, everything being so high-priced and not being able to afford health care is another issue. On the other hand, Canadian residents receive free health care. There is also, in some cases, free schooling. Even though moving out of the country would mean leaving the family I grew up with behind, it would still be beneficial for me and would overall change the way I live my lifestyle in a positive way. Can any obstacle or disadvantage be turned into something good? Would I be where I am now if it wasn’t for dropping out of college? Would I have these moments with my family now if growing up with them wasn’t hectic? Can I start and raise my family in another safer environment? If these main obstacles in my life changed into something good, then anything can.

Amelia

Darting out of the parking lot in a panic, Amelia felt overwhelmed by the constant rush she felt lately. No time for lollygagging. The 9 to 5 monotony brought with it a severe headache. Must. Get. Tylenol. Cars around her were moving at a snail’s pace, consequently making the drive more annoying than usual. As soon as she saw some available space in the right lane, the driver thrust her foot on the gas pedal and floored it. Maneuvering through the familiar route, she managed to avoid the men in blue. Who has time for another speeding ticket? Four songs and six commercials later Amelia pulled up to her second job. Moving her hand, she slid the gear shift into park. “He was working through college on my grandpa’s farm…” blared through the speakers as the ignition noise subsided. Deana Carter’s twang temporarily interrupted the chaotic mess she called life. Briefly, Amelia’s head pain subsided as she traveled back in time when things were much simpler, and she could afford to blow off work by heading to the beach with her girlfriends. Closing her eyes, those old feelings came rushing back like waves at high tide. Oh, how she longed for days gone by when she need only think about herself. Reminiscing about those summers of tan legs, flip flops and sitting around the campfires at night, her eyes leaked slightly as she traveled back in time. Continuing her impromptu lip sync concert, tasting the salt on her lips as she mouthed those familiar words. her shiny new red Dodge Durango transformed into a stage. She and Dan had splurged on the high-end SUV to fit their growing family. Unfortunately, the payments only added more stress. Caught up in her own little world, transfixed on the song, the flooding emotions, she belted out, “Like Strawberry Wiiiiiiiiine…” The cracking of her own voice awakened her from her stupor. “Oh crap!” Fumbling for her cell phone, she realized it was 5:57. As she opened the car door, the tunes halted and abruptly concluded her mini beach vacation. Grabbing her purse, she ran inside. Smiling, she mumbled a few incoherent things to the people she passed in the halls. Throwing on her apron, Amelia quickly took her place in the kitchen. Glancing at the menu board, trying to make out the food she was supposed to serve, Amelia deciphered that tonight’s cuisine consisted of: enchiladas, rice, beans, and guacamole. Studying the kitchen, one might believe the contents were a collaboration of Rachel Ray, Ikea and the Container Store. Magnetized and alphabetized spice racks enabled food handlers the ability to have more efficient cooking times and eliminate stress. Every gadget imaginable on display, this was truly a cook’s paradise. Immediately, Amelia set the convection oven to 425* and went to work browning the gargantuan pot of ground beef before her. Simultaneously, she placed the brick of cheddar into the food processor, delighting herself as the yellow mountain grew. Quickly, she tasted a few shreds, just like her grandma used to allow when they cooked together. Jalapenos, onions, garlic, tomatoes and cilantro were chopped and simmering on the stove. As soon as the onions were translucent, Amelia added a teaspoon of cumin, a dash of oregano, some chili powder and a cup of water. The smell was intoxicating. Fresh Mexican food to always tends to open those nasal passages and awaken one’s senses. Turning down the heat, she covered the pot and let the sauce simmer. A man in a business suit saunters into the kitchen and smiles at Amelia. “Wow! You’ve outdone yourself! My mouth is watering already. How long before we can serve the troops?” His voice echoing in the large room. “You do realize you’re in my kitchen, right?”, laughing half-heartedly, she continues, “You can’t rush perfection. I’ll let you know when it’s closer to being ready. Can you have Jessica prepare the outdoor dining area? There is a nice breeze outside and I think everyone would enjoy the fresh air.” “Of course. Wait, is she the tall one, with the blonde hair?”, he asked with a wink. Amelia chuckled. “No. Jessica is the scrawny red head that walks around cleaning up behind everyone.” Removing the savory beef from the stove and taking out an oversized bag of corn tortillas, Amelia checks the stove settings to ensure it is turned off. The temperature was rising rapidly with all the commotion in the kitchen. Carefully dipping the tortillas in warm water, individually spooning on a heap of meat and then rolling each enchilada by hand, Amelia quickly filled three large baking pans with the specialty her grandmother had taught her. Feeling guilty that she hadn’t yet passed on this tradition to her own children, Amelia wondered when or if there would ever be enough time. Sighing, she justified that time just wasn’t a surplus commodity. An upheaval of sorts occurred outside the kitchen window. While setting the outside tables to accommodate the dinner crowd, Jessica began screaming and flung open the kitchen door. Soaking wet and crying, she was distraught. Wanting nothing more than to please her boss, Jessica surmised she had failed in this attempt, just as she always did. Preparing the outdoor patio proved to be too much. Sprinklers soaked the entire dining area, consequently, the dishes would all have to be washed. Realizing, there wasn’t enough time for such, Jessica sobbed. Rolling her eyes, boss lady was more than a little irritated by Jessica, but she continued working on the enchiladas pretending not to notice. Never one to understand people who got emotional over the slightest thing, Amelia focused on what she could control, the food. Uncovering the pot that had been simmering on the stove, the scent of the sauce wafted through the air. People were gathering outside the kitchen door in anticipation. Amelia poured the sauce over the rolled enchiladas and topped it off with the cheese she had grated. The suited man passed the kitchen. Yelling to him, Amelia said, “I’ll be ready to start serving in about twelve minutes.” People standing near the hall groaned in protest. The chef popped the pans into the oven, set the timer for ten minutes and placed a pot on the stove. Filling the pot 1/3 full of rice, the cook added chicken broth, tomatoes and ran water up to her second knuckle, utilizing another trick she learned from her grandmother. Ten more minutes to show time. Luckily, the sous chef had already prepared the beans and guacamole earlier in the day, leaving only the rice for Amelia to tend to. Amelia called to Jessica, “Just go to the linen closet and grab the box of paper/plastic items. We will be serving dinner picnic style tonight in the main dining room.” Smiling, the young girl was relieved. Once again, her superior took care of things, just as she always did. Jessica idolized Amelia; if only the chef wasn’t so busy all the time, Jessica might ask her to teach her what she knows about cooking. Recruiting help from some of the other worker bees, Jessica and the team quickly set the table for a picnic in the main dining room. Removing the rice from the stove, Amelia let it set for a few minutes before fluffing it with a fork and placing it into a serving bowl. The oven dinged, and dinner was finally ready! Seated at the end of the table pouring two glasses of wine, was the suited man. Taking her place next to him, Amelia sat down to partake in the feast with the brood. Finally, everyone could enjoy the fruits of her labors. No sooner than group took a seat, a young boy shrieked, “Ewwwww. Yuuuuuuck! There are onions in this food! I am not eating it.” Instantaneously, the air was heard circulating in the room as all else grew quiet. Looking around, everyone was waiting, wondering and anticipating how Amelia would react to the young man’s opinion. With gritted teeth, Amelia forced a smile and said, “Henry, Mommy is sorry you don’t like the enchiladas. If you’ll go write on the menu board what you’d like tomorrow for dinner, I’ll be happy to try my best to accommodate your desires.” Everyone exhaled simultaneously. Taking a deep breath, Amelia slowly sipped from her glass of strawberry wine.

About Mein Kampf

Mein Kampf is an autobiographical book written by Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, while serving time in a Bavarian Prison. Mein Kampf directly translates from German as “My Struggle,” in which Hitler articulated the central components of his political and social ideology, outlining his plans for the creation of a worldwide German Empire. Throughout the reading, Hitler uses “scientific” information to explain his bizarre racial theories, presenting his belief in the superior “Aryan race,” and his extreme anti-Semitism. Adolf Hitler was born in 1889 in Austria and, as a child, clashed frequently with his emotionally harsh father who did not approve of his interest of fine art as a career (Editors, Biography.com). After years of hardship following becoming orphaned, he relocated to Munich, and applied for the German Army at the outbreak of World War I. After the war, he returned to Munich and worked to become the male Dictator/Chancellor of Nazi Germany from 1934-1945. He initiated many fascist policies, leading to World War II, and the deaths of at least 11 million people, including the mass murder of 6 million Jews. Mein Kampf was written in 1923, in a Landsberg prison in which Hitler was serving for being convicted of treason (Networks, A+E). He strongly believed that the ‘Aryan’ people and Germany was destined to rule the world. He thought German’s should have enough ‘living space’ and only people of German or Aryan blood should live in Germany; he did not believe that Jews could be German (Explained, The Holocaust). He developed an idea known as the Holocaust. The Holocaust was the Nazi-lead persecution and murder of an estimated six million Jews. Hitler began the Holocaust due to his belief that Germans were superior to all races, but Jews were deemed inferior and were viewed as a threat. Concentration camps were created all across central and eastern Europe, and Jews were captured and sent there to be separated from their families, endure harsh punishment, and be killed. Hitler was a very influential leader, it is said that many of his followers believed in his theories merely because they were mesmerized by him. Mein Kampf was written as an explanation of Hitler’s obscene thoughts, and an excuse for his creation of the Holocaust. Adolf intended for the book to be read by the entire German population, to speak his ideas and theories. He calculated that an appeal to the Germans to make war on the Jews would be most likely to succeed if framed in scientific-sounding terms (Klinghoffer, David). Hitler’s thoughts were radical at best, but he gained a following and continued on with his plan to make Jews extinct. People should understand that the Holocaust and the reign of Hitler was not a mistake- it was the choices of a Dictator and his government to make discrimination legal and create prejudice and hatred within German people. Mein Kampf was created under the circumstance that Hitler was in Prison, serving time for ‘high treason.’ Angry and inspired, he thought to pass the time by writing his thoughts in a book. Hitler may have been influenced heavily by Henry Ford, who was a follow anti-Semite. Hitler has many copies of Ford’s books in German translation in his library. Another large influencer of Mein Kampf was the idea of Darwinism. Hitler used Darwinian terms throughout the entirety of the source. One of the most important things we learn from this source is that a radical minority group, not taken seriously, can rise to power and do serious harm to society. Seven years in to Hitler’s Nazi following, they held 2.6% of the German General Election vote, but just four short years later, they became the single biggest political party, holding 37% of the vote. Hitler was so biased for his superior ‘Aryan’ race, that it lead to the mass murder on 6 million innocent people. It is unfair that the historical perspective of other German leaders at this time, and even the Jewish perspective, is left out of this work. Hitler hardly leaves any loose ends in his writing; explaining his thoughts, the reasoning behind them, and what is to come. The only unanswered question made aware was exactly how he intended to go through with his plan. In conclusion, Mein Kampf is a very important work in history. It is important for all people to read or be taught this source to get a glimpse of the mind behind one of the most horrific events in the history of the world. There is no doubt that the Holocaust is still relevant in today’s society; there are many lessons to be taught not only from this work, but also from Hitler himself. Works Cited Networks, A+E. “Mein Kampf Is Published.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/mein-kampf-is-published. Explained, The Holocaust. “Nazi Racial Ideas and Antisemitism.” Living Conditions and Sanitation – The Holocaust Explained: Designed for Schools, www.theholocaustexplained.org/anti-semitism/nazi-racial-ideas-and-anti-semitism/who-was-adolf-hitler/. Editors, Biography.com. “Adolf Hitler.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 21 May 2018, www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144. Klinghoffer, David. “Opening up Mein Kampf.” Evolution News, 16 Apr. 2008, evolutionnews.org/2008/04/opening_up_mein_kampf/.

Problems through out the United States

Not every school district is inherently perfect, and this is no exception for the Rhode Island Department of Education and the Coventry School District that resides within it. Flaws can range from a multitude of areas, from educational attainment, to student attendance, diversity, and even student achievements. These problems are all common through out the United States, and there are programs and procedures that educators and the government have devised to improve the quality of schools not in just Rhode Island but in the country as a whole. Despite all the problems that can occur in a district there are many attributes that can be contributed to both the state and the Coventry Schooling District. Those attributes can be credited to a single school, a single district, or the entire state as a whole depending on the type of achievement. Through out Rhode Island there are great aspects of both the district and the schools within it, as well as problem areas that can be remedied with the implementation of certain programs and thoughtful instruction planned by teachers. Rhode Island does have flaws in their education system that are attributed to the combination of all the districts as a whole, and there is a bidirectional influence of these flaws on the schools and the educational system of Rhode Island as a whole. These flaws help educators discern the types of programs to implement in schools, and the resulting testing scores and schools statistics are both influenced by these programs and later help determine if there are more education needs in the system. The education needs that are refereed to here are in comparison to other states in the country and the Coventry Schooling District, and they include educational attainment, chronic absenteeism, and student achievement. Educational attainment is defined as the level of education that individuals achieve, such as receiving a high school diploma or GED, and attaining higher education attainment such as a bachelors and beyond. Rhode Island is on the lower end of the spectrum in comparison with the country as a whole in terms of educational attainment. The highest percentage of educational attainment lies within the state of Montana with 92.9%, while the lowest percentage is within the state of California with 82.1% (US Census Bureau, 2012-16). In comparison with other states Rhode Island is in the lower to middle end of the spectrum with a percentage of 87% education attainment, in which 87% of students in the State of Rhode Island have a high school diploma or higher (US Census Bureau 2012-16). There is a gap of 5.9% of students not attaining a high school diploma or higher between Rhode Island and Montana, and out of a 100 students that is roughly 17 students that are not meeting graduation requirements. Other states are also in the same boat as Rhode Island in terms of education attainment, and one such state is Washington and they are going a legislative route to remedy their decrease of educational attainment. They have a plan called the 2017-19 Strategic Action Plan, in which they are focusing their energy as a state on four areas: affordability, readiness, completion, and employment ( Thompson, 2017). In these areas education officials are trying to increase education attainment by making college more affordable, increasing college completion and career readiness, and ensuring graduates meet employment needs (Thompson, 2017). This can be effective in Rhode Island through the approach of teachers, especially if they recognize those four areas of concern. Teachers have the ability to direct students to help them find financial aid, education, and mental support in order for them to have the opportunity to go to college. Teacher direction can only be effective if the state funds and gives support to grants, scholarships, student support systems that work on closing the opportunity gap, and work towards student employment after graduation. One area in which the district of Coventry is fairing better than the state as a whole is chronic absenteeism, especially at the high school level. For the four core cities in Rhode Island has a higher percentage of chronically absent students in comparison to the remainder of the state, which raises the overall average of the state (Kids Count, 2018). In Coventry High School they have a chronic absentee percentage of 17%, in which 17% of the students from 9th to 10th grade have 15 or more days that they are absent from school (Infoworks, 2015-16).While the state as a whole has a chronic absentee rate of 26%, which is a 9% difference and means that out of 100 students there are roughly 11 more students missing school in comparison to Coventry High School (Infoworks, 2015-16). In comparison with the nation overall, Rhode Island is suffering from higher rates of chronic high school absenteeism, as the U.S. has an average of 18.9% of students with chronic absenteeism ( U.S. Department of Education 2013-14). Obama’s Presidential Administration considered chronic absenteeism an education problem that needed the launch of a new program to increase student attendance for at risk youth. This program is known as My Brother’s Keeper (MBK) Success Mentor Initiative, in which caring mentors are connected with student to help motivate, teach, coach, and promote student attendance (U.S. Department of Education Fact Sheet, 2016). In the U.S Department of Education Archive there is a facts sheet which explain the role of a mentor, in which they meet with 3 to 5 student mentees 3 times per a week all year long. Through out the year the mentors help the mentees find their positive strengths, celebrate those strengths, and also engage with parents to encourage their participation (2016). In Rhode Island, the state can adopt this program and teachers can volunteer to be mentors for students and even incorporate celebrating a students strength and call for parent involvement into their classroom to promote attendance. One other place in which the state of Rhode Island is suffering, is in student achievement, and that in particular is testing such as the SAT. The SAT is a special standardized test, in that every state has students that are participating to be able to apply to college. For Rhode Island, the state is once again on the lower to middle end of the spectrum, where the highest state SAT score average is Minnesota with 1295 point out of 1600 points, and District of Columbia has the lowest score at 950 points (Cheng, 2017). Rhode Island has an average score, according to Cheng, of 1062, which makes us 37th in the country (2017). Data from the year 2015-16 states that Rhode Island has a mathematics average score of 478 out of 800 points, a reading average score of 478 out of 800 points , and a writing average score of 465 out of 800 points. The nationwide average score in those three area have an average of a 21 point difference in comparison to statewide scores. Rhode Island has more than half the country above them in SAT scores, which is an indicator that there needs to be improvement through the implementation of new programs. A way to maximize student achievement would be the implementation of a program such as Salad High School’s SCORE in South Carolina. SCORE stands for “Saluda Creates Opportunities for Real Effectiveness” and generally was designed so that students of all backgrounds are able to access important and pivotal learning experiences (Duggins, 2017). This program essentially is an after school tutoring center that is running two days a week between and hour and and hour and a half (Duggins, 2017). After running this program the students have shown an increase in test scores and that in application to Rhode Island could help SAT and standardized testing scores because they are enhancing student skills all year. A lot of school and students make the mistake of learning information for the SAT in a short amount of time instead of learning that information over the course of a students 12 years of public education. Essentially the students have a walk in tutoring center in a safe environment that year round, every year helps them to be able to keep up with homework and stay on grade level in critical ares such as reading, math, and writing. Duggins writes that teachers there help not only with students working on homework, but also students who are English Language Learners, and students seeking advance placement support which includes SAT prep. Teachers should open their doors after hours, during lunch, or even during academic lab and create study groups or walk in clinics to help their students learn. Incorporating trust and mutually listening skills into the classroom will help the teacher hear their students needs in terms of academic concerns, so that as a team both the teachers and students can work towards increased academic achievement. Looking closer at the district of Coventry, one main needs that presents itself in the educational system is the sever lack of diversity in the student body. The majority of students in the Coventry district are white with a total of 92%, which leaves only 8% diversity among the student body (Infoworks, 2016-17) . That means that out of a hundred students only 8 would be of diverse culture, and that would put a lot of pressure on teachers to be more culturally competent. With the lack of diversity, teachers still need to be able to incorporate cultural competency in their classroom even if they have the same race as the majority of the school. Students from more diverse backgrounds still need to see an incorporation of their culture in everyday school, whether a teacher introduces innovators or lessons incorporating scientists, writers, and artists of different cultures along with traditional standard of European culture. One way to increase the diversity in the Coventry schooling district would be to open or convert an existing school into a magnet school. A magnet school is basically described as a school that is specialized in a certain academic area such as STEM, Fine Arts, or CTE, while also being open to all students regardless of zip code (Magnet Schools of America, 2013-17). Having a school that would be free for anyone regardless of their zip code would bring in a diverse group of students and create a great environment in which to learn about academics and the world around them. Not only do magnet schools focus on the academic side but their work in developing soft skills is an attribute that will attract students from all over the state of Rhode Island ( Magnet Schools of America, 2013-17). That will be an improvement, because unlike the district of Coventry there is more diversity within the state of Rhode Island as a whole, with a percentage of 15.9% diversity (United State Census Bureau, 2010-17). With in the Coventry school district resides Coventry High School, which has a higher rate of suspension per 100 students then the state of Rhode Island as a whole. Coventry high school has about 35.1 students being suspended per 100 students, while Rhode Island has 32.2 per 100 students being suspended (Infoworks, 2014-15). There are roughly about 3 more students being suspended from Coventry High School in comparison to the average of all the schools in the state. Those students who are being suspended are suffering due to their prolonged absence in school as they are falling behind in classes, missing out on pivotal social interactions, and becoming more demoralized about going to and doing well in school. Teachers should try to focus on the needs of students who show a propensity for disruptive behavior and how they can help them regulate their actions within the school setting. One program that stands out and could be a positive reinforcement tool that can be used in a high school setting would be a program known as PRIDE: Personal Responsibility In Daily Effort. PRIDE has students who are showing disruptive behavior use their own ability to be accountable for their actions and suffer smaller but not school demoralizing consequences. Students would have to be responsible for their behavior because if they have a missing assignment, miss school, or receive disciplinary action they would be unable to hand in a clear stamp card in return for special privileges such as field trip and class dance admissions (Iselin & Rosch, 2010). This would not only teach the students better temperament and emotional management but also allow the student to have an incentive to behave in class and limit outbursts that lead to disciplinary action such as detention. These cards can be modified by teachers and schools to fit their students needs and that will further increase student success, especially if there was the introduction of a teacher advisor that developed supportive relationships with those students. Despite all the downfalls in the Rhode Island and Coventry schooling districts there are some positive attributes on a state, district, and individual school level. To begin, in the state of Rhode Island as a whole only 2% of classes are taught by teachers who are not highly qualified (Infoworks, 2015-16). This means that 98% of all the classes in every school in the state have teachers that are highly qualified, in comparison to other larger states and cities in which their staff are not always qualified to be teaching. This includes qualifications of teachers in both low and high poverty schools, where love poverty schools have less than 1% and high poverty schools have 2% of teachers with lower quality skills (Infoworks, 2012-13). To be a highly qualified teacher in Rhode Island, a teacher must hold a bachelors degree, full state certification, and show a certain level of mastery for each core academic content that they teach ( Gist, n.d.). The schooling district is really strong in terms of teacher qualification, as 98 out of 100 teachers in Rhode Island hold all three certifications to be considered a highly qualified teacher. Another great attribute of the education system in Rhode Island is their amazing student to teacher ration which is as of 2015 to 2016 school year 1 teacher per 13 students in a classroom setting (Infoworks, 2015-16). Having 1 teacher per every 13 students is a small classroom size, but there are many benefits for both teachers and students in having smaller classroom sizes. For instance teachers have a better understanding of their students as individuals due to the increase of one on one time, along with an easier time at classroom management, and balancing the individual needs of each student. Students will have a better relationship with their teachers, because of their increased amount of one on one time, which will foster a better sense of safety in the environment. This sense of safety will promote learning and the students academic achievement, will improve along with their motivation to come to school and interact socially. In most states their goals for student to teachers ratios are 1 teacher per every 15 students, but not every state is fortunate and have even higher ratios such as 1 teacher per every 30 students. States with higher student to teacher ratios are Ohio, North Dakota, Tennessee, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Missouri, and Massachusetts. With ratios ranging from 1 teacher per 25 students and 1 teacher per 30 students (Education Commission, 2014). Larger classrooms may be a challenge for students to effectively learn in, and states such as Rhode Island are a model in terms of student to teacher ratios. For the district of Coventry they have a higher high school graduation rate in comparison to the state and country as a whole. Coventry has a high school graduation rate of 92% while the country and the state of Rhode Island share the same graduation rate of 87% (U.S. Census Bureau, 2012-16). Having a high graduation rate allows for student when they graduation to easily apply to college and to easily get a job, which can help decrease unemployment rates and poverty rates in Rhode Island. In comparison to the state as a while Coventry has a poverty rate of 7.1% while the state has a rate of 12.8%, which is a 5.7% difference. Although small having a higher amount of high school graduates can have a large impact on the economy, the district, and the state as a whole. Two schools that stand out in the Coventry school district are Western Coventry Elementary School and Alan Shawn Feinstein Middle School, which both have a great stability index of 94% (Infoworks, 2015-16). A stability index means that 94% of students that begin their educations in those schools will graduate and not move out of the system or transfer to another school. Many students in other towns or schools such as the Central Falls school district in Rhode Island will have a low stability index in which only 78% of their students will stay in their system with out transferring (Infoworks, 2015-16). When students stay in one place for an extended period of time with out having to move to a new school, they will begin to feel safe and comfortable and be more susceptible to learning because they are not anxious and are in a stable environment. Having such as high stability index is really great in younger grade areas such as middle and elementary school because those are very formative years in education for students due to the fact that they are beginning to learn the very basics of education. Moving from town to town or between states can disrupt a students learning due to the chance in course material or even moving to a state that may not have common core standards or does have common core. In each education system their may be aspect that work and aspects that are in need of improvement, for Rhode Island they are no exception, but the combined effort of teacher and state officials can work to improve the educational system of Rhode Island as a whole. To help fix flaws such as diversity, educational attainment, student achievements, standardized testing scores, and chronic absenteeism there are more programs that can be of service and help students grow. Teachers can help create environments, make lessons, and talk to their students using theses mentioned and many other programs to help students gain a better grasp of themselves as learners. Already teachers have proven great in the state of Rhode Island by being deemed highly qualified teachers as a majority, creating smaller classrooms for effective teaching, and by helping over 90% of their students graduate.

“Students” at Hailsham

They are sheltering the “ students “ at Hailsham from the reality that they are basically being used for parts like an old junkyard car. They are doing this to give the students at Hailsham some sense of an ordinary and idyllic childhood. In my personal opinion they’re protecting them up to the certain age then they are fooling them with false hope of a normal life. When they went to the Cottages I think most if not all the students from Hailsham knew they were different from other people at the Cottages. I think the whole book reflects that they are not normal children or adults and have a special purpose in life, this is shown in many different ways. I think one of the parts in the story that really reflects their different and surreal world is when Tommy, Ruth, and Kathy go see the boat and it shows how the donors are struggling and how it affects the carers and everyone around them. Another example of their semi-dystopian world is when Tommy and Kathy go to see Madame and Miss Emily and how when Kathy and Tommy are about to leave Madames house to go back to Kingsfield. When suddenly Madame remembers who Kathy is and how she was dancing with a doll listening to “ Never Let Me Go “ when she was at Hailsham., and how Madame was standing in the doorway in tears as she watched Kathy. Throughout the book, the characters really evolve and you feel as if they are becoming real people with emotions and feelings for the other people around them. When Ruth completes and Kathy goes to be Tommy’s carer it shows how evident their feelings are for each other and how much they need each other as Tommy struggles with heath as a donor and Kathy turns into his romantic and life partner until he gets his notice about his fourth and final donation. When Kathy goes to see Tommy for the final time there is a bittersweetness between them, they discuss Ruth and how back at Hailsham Ruth was always so different from them and how they wish all finished at the same time. From the time they are at Hailsham to when Kathy is standing alone in Norfolk standing alone with farms as far as the eye can see you feel a sense of wonder and sadness with the characters. Kathy talks about how sometimes when she is driving from donor to donor she sees a plot of land that reminds her of Hailsham and that she driving towards the South Playing field and can see the old sports Pavillion in the distance or a row of trees that reminds her of the poplar trees from her childhood at Hailsham. On occasion, she sees some people from the Cottages or Hailsham when she is absent-mindedly driving or at a center, and she sometimes wonders if in some way she is looking for Hailsham or another part of her childhood. Their whole world seems like a fairytale mixed with a dystopian wonderland filed with rules, lies and a certain path in life that they think can only be voided by finding true love and getting permission from Madame to go and live a normal and happy life they find out this is a rumor that has been spread from person to person since Hailsham and they continue their normal everyday procedures. On the wack back from Littlehampton, Tommy asks Kathy if they can stop on a dark, curvy road surrounded by trees. Tommy gets out of the car and a few minutes later Kathy who is still in the car hears the first scream, then she got out of the car and moments later she hears the second scream and she automatically knew it was Tommy and in a panicked state she goes to look for him in a dark field with soft sludge that devoured your body when you walk through it. Tommy was flailing around swearing but when Kathy tries to help he pulled away and was hesitant about taking her help. Tommy was still shaky and having trouble breathing, and as they walked back to the car through the muddy, overgrown and man eating fields they are silent until Kathy feels the urge to tell Tommy how he smells and how disgusting it is. To me, this symbolized the struggle but love between the two characters as they stumble through their last few weeks together full of uncertainty, love, and laughter. Their whole life is full of a never-ending strand of lies, heartbreak, love, and friendship between the Ruth, Tommy and Kathy and everyone else that they shared their journey with.

Educational Institute

Educational Institute is where an individual spends most of his time in adolescence. So, the educational institutions will have a significant impact on the overall growth of an individual. Each one of us is born with a different perspective towards life. Each one of us is different in some sense, so the educational institution must look upon in this matter. Also, not everyone is conscious of their future. Primary, secondary schools are the places where children would come across a different world. They will start thinking about different subjects they come across. Each one of them would come up with a different perspective towards the same matter. The Instructors at the center of learning should analyze, and guide the student in developing his interest in a subject of his choice. As everyone would have a different choice of interest, the institute must have wide-ranging talent in their staff. Searching for a wide range of skills in one person is quite difficult. So each institute cannot have a complete staff of omniscient people. Also in rural areas, it is even more challenging to find such people. Alternative can be that institute will hire instructors from all backgrounds. But this would increase the number of faculties at the institute and hence the cost to institute will increase many folds. Most of the Institutes today grade a student based only on his performance in academic subjects. They should start including the topic of practical importance and cover most of the interests of the students. There shall be counseling for each student at the primary school level. This should provide the basis for identifying the weak and strong points of an individual. For identifying the skill each student has can be achieved to some extent by increasing the syllabus. Increased in syllabus would automatically increase the duration of course. Each good move will increase the possibility of finding the interest of student but would also increase the complexity of organizing the necessary things. Eventually, based on the above discussion we can provide the necessary guidance at the cost of increased faculty, syllabus, course duration, etc. But providing a well-defined path for each student is important for having a better society in the coming future.

Gamal Abd As-Nasser became the second President of Egypt

After ousting King Farouk of Egypt in 1952, Gamal Abd As-Nasser became the second President of Egypt and ended the dynasty founded by Muhammad Ali in 1805. Once in power, Nasser immediately enacted change in Egypt. Nasser, who was an advocate of Arab National movement, also wanted to unify Arabs all around the Middle East. In World War II, the Arabs were promised a single Arab state, however, this state never came to be. Now, they strived for the Arab League, similar to the united states it would be one nation of people spread throughout areas in the Middle East. Egypt was to be the head location of the Arab League because of its prime geography and demography. This placed Nasser in the center of both Egypt and the Arab League. Although his goal of an infinite Arab Unity was not fully accomplished, by instituting critical changes in Egypt’s politics and economy and encouraging Nationalism, President Gamal Nasser began a movement throughout the middle east and became a symbol of hope for anti-colonialism and anti-imperialism as well as an icon for the Arab world. The Free Officers movement washed away the past regime in Egypt with the goal of bringing political change, and consolidation of its newly acquired power. Nasser described to “embody the social changes already well underway in the region” was the leader of this movement. His presidency encouraged an appreciation of Egyptian culture and history. He took action towards social justice and launched new industrial projects, the most significant being the Aswan Dam. Inorder to build this dam, Nasser went to both America and the Soviets and commits to friendly relations in exchange for their financing of the project. This dam symbolized one of the first Egyptian projects funded by foreign aid that Egypt had control over. Leading a nation as inherently important as Egypt, Nasser’s Egypt was apart of the Non-aligned movement, a movement full of nations who wanted to remain “unaligned” from the colonial power. Egypt, holding the largest standing army and being the most populous country in the Middle East, joining this nationalistic movement was Nasser’s way of making a big statement. Unlike King Farouk, he was not a pro-British leader. He disbanded the monarchy and got rid of a leader who prioritized British interests, and has continued to disregard colonial interest in Egypt by remaining unaligned from these western powers. It was regional politics that would come to define the Nasser Era. He rejected the “business as usual” of past Egypt parliamentary politics, and instituted critical transformations, beginning with land ownership and in the country’s economic organization. He was a charismatic ambitious leader, who wanted to bring the influence of the colonial powers that had restricted past Egyptian potential to an end. Nasser was inspiring people throughout the Middle East, playing on their sense of nationalism. Another one of Nasser’s impacts on nationalism was his decision to take the Suez Canal, a canal funded by the British and Designed by the French, but built by the Egyptians. This decision made him “the voice of pan-Arab Unity”. Despite the fact that in reality, the United States played a large role in the victory, it was a political victory for Egypt and portrayed Nasser as a major power who had beaten out the European Colonial powers and Israel. With this huge win for the anti-colonialism and anti-imperialism movement, Nasser became the leader of the radicalization of the Arab World, influencing coups in Syria, Iraq, Sudan, Yemen, and Libya. This marked the first victory against European Powers and the fact that the U.S. demand the withdrawal of both France and Britain is even more impressive. This achieved not only ownership of the canal but also represents that Egypt was gaining more and more power for itself.. Two years after Suez, the United Arab Republic (U.A.R.) was formed by Syria and Egypt. This was marked as the “pinnacle of pan-Arab nationalism”. It was a real example of this idea of an Arab League and brought two peoples together to unity. Nasser took to the idea of socialism even further and established The Arab Socialist Union in 1962, this would become his “institutional legacy” and marked the beginning of the changes he brought for the people. Nasser’s leadership was bringing good changes to his peoples, the Egyptians had claimed a symbol of pride and hard work for their nation, and the Arab populations in Egypt and Syria had come together to form a republic. Gamal Abd As-Nasser was one of the first leaders who believed his nation could succeed without rendering control to the European powers. He used fear and tension to manipulate both the US and Russia in favor of Egypt, and even after his death in 1970 has continued to impact nations all around the world as country after country fell to Nasserist Forces. Despite the fact that the movement for Arab Unity eventually lost momentum and fell, under Nasser’s lead, the 1950’s-60’s were a period of time in which Arabs thrived. After the complete neglect for the Arab’s in the establishment of Israel as a state in 1948, this marked a period of increase in nationalism of the Arabs and awoke a fight within them, they wanted what they were promised in the early 1900’s. Peoples all around the Middle East stopped looking to the European Powers for direction and began to come together and make decisions for themselves.

The opportunity to develop my servant leadership

I hope to be admitted into the University of Mary’s Emerging Leaders Academy because I want to take advantage of the opportunity to develop my servant leadership in a structured, Catholic program. Being the oldest of seven children, I understand the importance of servant leadership when trying to accomplish a task with a group of people. I will often babysit my younger siblings and be put in charge of making sure the house is clean and the kids are all in bed by the time my parents get home. At the end of a long night of pillow forts and a big dinner, you could only imagine the mess that is made. Being solely responsible for the job to get done, would seem like a daunting endeavor for most. Nobody wants to go to bed and nobody wants to clean up. Many would use the authority invested in them by Mom and Dad to force the kids to clean up, keeping the phone by their side with Mom on speed dial. I can tell you from experience this is no way to lead a group of people. You will have six younger siblings running around forming factions against you, ready to tell your parents that you did a bad job babysitting. This means a cut on pay, and gas is expensive in California, so pay is crucial. Luckily there is a better way. Whether it be sending Catherine on a mission to fight the evil space invaders disguised as crumbs under the table, or offering the choice of movie to the hardest worker, I know that giving incentives and trying to make the work enjoyable can be effective means of getting a good morale. Nevertheless, the most effective means of accomplishing the task is always working with my siblings rather than having them work for me. The first thing they always ask is if I will work with them, or if I am just going to sit back and watch them work. By working with them they feel compelled to use their full potential for a common goal rather than using very little of their potential to accomplish "my" goal. Given that the family is the basic social unit to which more complex social systems [such as governments or businesses] are modeled after, then servant leadership, being the most effective way to lead a family, must be the most effective way to lead in a business, government, or any other group of people. I believe that the Emerging Leaders Academy can help me to bring my servant leadership into the working world through its leadership training, and experiential learning activities. In addition, the mentorship opportunity with faculty and community leaders offers a great way to grow in knowledge as well as establish real-world connections with others who are interested in bettering their businesses and communities. I hope to be a part of the Emerging Leaders Academy which I believe can help my servant leadership flourish so that my success in the future is directly translated into the success of my fellow co-workers and community.

People who moved West

Identify types of people who moved West, and examine why they did so, mention the the the hardships experienced. The Louisiana Purchase of 1803, played a pivotal role in the westward expansion of America as many people were urged to venture to the western regions of America. This acquisition involved a sheer 2,144,520 extra square kilometres of land and doubled the size of the United States. It financially and materially bolstered the nation in terms of increased access to natural resources and trading routes including the Mississippi River. Consequently, more people were prompted to travel to America including Merriweather Lewis and William Clark and the Mountain men. Also, the Pioneers, Mormons and The Miners moved west. As stated by Manifest Destiny, people were destined to move Westwards. People generally moved west as means of mere exploration or economic stability and a chance to revitalise themselves. Lewis and Clark were the first westerners to explore the Western regions of America. Lewis and Clark faced many challenges in their exploration of the West of America. The Lewis and Clark Expedition occurred from May 1804 to September 1806 and was famous for being the first western American expedition. It aimed to explore the new western-territories now owned by the United-States and bought by Thomas Jefferson in the Louisiana Purchase from France. It was an attempt to gain a vaster knowledge of the natural and cultural resources of the now western America. The underlying purpose of the expedition was to find a trade route to the Pacific. Merriweather Lewis and William Clark were asked to command the exploration to the West by the president of The States. They found over 178 types of flora (178) and about 170 types of fauna on the journey and were even lucky enough to immerse with Native-American tribes. They had the privilege of meeting a lady named Sacagawea who was a native of American who knew the land much better than the Europeans and she guided them on their journey. The expedition was covering 70 to 80 miles (110 to 130 km) a day and it was a long and treacherous journey. Lewis tragically died in 1809 and many people speculate that he committed suicide, nonetheless, he reformed the face of the nation. Another objective of this expedition was to find a waterway that runs through the Pacific Ocean to make trading more accessible. They found the Missouri River which they followed in order to reach the Pacific Ocean. Although the expedition proved to be rather gruelling at times, only one person died in the expedition. The explorers did indeed bring back some of the cultures of the Red-Indians tribes back with them including ancient relics and artefacts of the indigenous culture. The expedition is a renowned journey spoken about to this very day and it was essential in the emergence of modern American civilisation. Similarly, the mountain men explored western America. The mountain men struggled with many encounters when they moved West. They lived a life of climbing mountains and trying their best to stay out of trouble and had the tough task of being the first American settlers with the first of the mountain men arriving in 1810. Their life generally consisted of capturing and hunting animals to sell in the West for profit and the mishaps along the way. Some lived alongside the native Americans and even traded with them while others were solitary figures. They had to fight off anything that crossed their paths, from bears to even humans and all of this while living in starvation, poverty and in freezing conditions. Optional-Jim Bridger was a typical mountain man who was born in 1801, regularly hunted animals, spoke a total of eleven different languages and had three Indian wives. He was also renowned for his work as a guide, storyteller and also as a trapper and one of the most well-known mountain men to exist. The Mountain Men were followed by the Pioneers. Pioneers endued numerous adversities during their treacherous journeys, particular by the Donner Party. Pioneers typically moved West in a search of a better life and new opportunities. They travelled on well-established trails including the Oregon and California trails by wagons that were pulled by horses from as early as the 1820s. The pioneers travelled in wagons that were cramped and thus not ideal to travel in for long periods of time, however, it was the only viable option. A long and enduring journey that lasted up to five months and very much dependent on the weather along the trails. It was not uncommon to see native Americans along the way, however, for the most part, both parties kept to themselves to stay out of trouble. Other problems include water scarcity and the extreme heat and blizzards that caused problems like dehydration, horses freezing to death and hyperthermia. The Donner Party travelled Westwards in 1846, they were a classic example of misfortune. Everything was going well until they intended to take a short-cut which was actually longer than the other path and since they left too late they became trapped in the snow. A few months later, they ran out of supplies and had to resort to cannibalism and even eat their own livestock. They were eventually rescued where only half of the party ended up at California. The Donner Party were ‘A testament to the hardship of the pioneers pushing west.’ Likewise, the Mormons faced many challenges on their journey. The Mormons lived their lives under scrutiny and they adventured Westward. They were a religious group who lived very religiously as they ‘shared everything and owned nothing’. Joseph Smith founded the Mormon church and also wrote the Book of Mormon in 1830, a book allegedly containing prophecies from a couple of thousand years ago including the coming of Jesus to America. Mormons were heavily persecuted in America and for a number of reasons including: the strength of the group, their beliefs including having multiple wives and their success relative to the general American. This persecution ultimately forced the Mormons westwards under the leadership of Joseph Smith. Joseph Smith later died in 1844, signalling the conclusion of the Mormons as a large-scale party. The Mormons lived arduous lifestyles, similar to the miners. Miners travelled west and were faced with many problems. Miners were encouraged to move West to Nevada after the discovery of gold and silver worth plenty of money. However, not all the resources were easily accessible to common folk and some required machinery. Working conditions included darkness, lack of oxygen and dust from drilling arising in various heath conditions and some proved to be fatal. Other issues posed include: explosives, potential of flooding and scorching hot temperatures in some of the deepest mines. Also, pay was not a reflection of all this as it was minimal and caused the rise of several labor parties. Additionally, foreigners were not given the same privileges as other people and this is something else that sparked controversy. Miners faced many hardships, as too did the settlers. The settlers were encouraged to move west in their pursuit of a better life by the Homestead Act which provided them with 160 acres of public land. The settlers found it hard to build their own houses due to the lack of trees and thus lack of wood to build houses. Stone was also uncommon to find, so they had to rely on sod to build with which was a time-consuming task due to the lack of machinery and the physical labour of cutting through the ground. They weren’t the largest houses, however, they were cozy and through perseverance and determination some people moved on to better houses generally through successful farming-entrepreneurship. Overall, many groups of people were pressured to move west as a result of the Louisiana Purchase and a range of other factors including economic and exploration reasons. Lewis and Clark, the Mountain Men, the Pioneers, Settlers and the Miners are all people who moved west who all faced many adversities and experienced many hardships.

Planned Parenthood

When individuals think of Planned Parenthood, pregnancy termination and free condoms are first to come to mind. However, Planned Parenthood offers a wide variety of services for men, women, and members of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning/Queer (LGBTQ) community, such as STD screenings, HIV testing, and general and reproductive health care. For free or low cost, patients can receive numerous services and information on how to either start or prevent having a family as well as reproductive health. Many people are shocked to find out that Planned Parenthood offers general health care such as anemia, cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, and thyroid screenings. Although, these services are only offered as a part of a routine gynecological exam for women and after seeing a urologist for men if necessary, general health care is still vital for everyone. For women, they can receive mammograms, reproductive cancer screenings, pap tests, etc. while men’s services include vasectomies as well as screenings and treatment for sexual transmitted infections such as chlamydia. Regardless of a patient’s sexual orientation or gender identity, individuals can safely turn to Planned Parenthood for appropriate, high-quality health care without judgement. For members a part of the LGBTQ community, Planned Parenthood provides education, support, and sexual and reproductive health services for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, and intersex patients. Services such as hormone therapy for transgender patients are offered as well as recommendations to support groups. Instead of interviewing an employee at Planned Parenthood since at the time, they were busy, the employee gave me helpful websites with the statistics of the agency as well as a detailed list of services provided. According to the PDF version of the expense sheet entitled “By the Numbers” on the Planned Parenthood website, Planned Parenthood has been providing education, information, and services to women, men, and the LGBTQ community for ninety-seven years to promote responsible choices about sex and reproduction. From the Planned Parenthood expense sheet (2014): “The number of individuals worldwide provided with sexual and reproductive health care and education by the agency each year are 4,665,000. To breakdown the figures, the number of these people served by Planned Parenthood affiliate health centers in the U.S. is 2,840,000. The number of people served by affiliate educational programs are 1,100,000. And the number of people served by Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA)-supported partners in 10 developing countries is more than 725,000.” Planned Parenthood is an impactful agency on the individuals the agency proudly serves. In fact, Planned Parenthood receives most of its federal funding from Medicaid reimbursements for preventive care, and some from Title X. Title X ensures that everyone, regardless of where they live, how much money they make, and whether or not they have health insurance, have access to basic, preventive reproductive health care. With the help of Medicaid and Title X, families can easily receive services. Planned Parenthood cares deeply about the health of others and since the agency deals with health, a credible medical degree is required for doctors. Specifically, gynecologists, nurse practitioners, physician’s assistants, and other licensed medical professionals must have at least a bachelor’s degree. As for the front desk employees, the qualifications are just like any other job. These qualifications include providing excellent customer service, assisting with the customer’s needs, and meeting the basic language and educational standards such as being fluent in the language as well as being able to read and write proficiently. Yes, I would recommend Planned Parenthood to others because this agency’s primary focus is not about terminating pregnancies. In fact, Planned Parenthood is beneficial for individuals either attempting or preventing to start a family as well as individuals who need information and/or treatment regarding their reproductive health. Although conservatives and other people who are “pro-choice” boycott Planned Parenthood, this organization is a great asset to society and the people who boycott the establishment are uninformed or closed minded. Planned Parenthood is a safe space for teenagers who may or may not be a part of the LGBTQ community, adults without health care or insurance, women with cervical and breast cancer, and individuals with STD’s and HIV. Parenthood, P. (2018). Title X: Affordable Birth Control and Reproductive Health Care. Retrieved July 22, 2018, from https://www.plannedparenthoodaction.org/issues/health-care-equity/title-x Parenthood, P. (2017, January 05). How Federal Funding Works at Planned Parenthood. Retrieved July 22, 2018, from https://www.plannedparenthoodaction.org/blog/how-federal-funding-works-at-planned-parenthood Parenthood, P. (2018). Our Services | Affordable Healthcare & Sex Education. Retrieved July 22, 2018, from https://www.plannedparenthood.org/get-care/our-services Parenthood, P. (2014, January). By the Numbers. Retrieved July 22, 2018, from https://www.plannedparenthood.org/files/9313/9611/7194/Planned_Parenthood_by_the_numbers.pdf