When it comes to the argument, “ is a virus a life form?” there are many debates and opinions but I have found reasons why a virus wouldn't be considered a living thing. Viruses depend on a host cell, without this it cannot reproduce. It lacks key components to be a form of life, while it can be a deadly thing it still needs the help of cells to grow and spread. There are said to be seven characteristics of life, to be considered living which a virus fails when it comes to the test. For these reasons, and to the best of my knowledge a virus is not a form of life. Geggel explains that it takes seven things to be alive “According to the seven characteristics of life, all living beings must be able to respond to stimuli; grow over time; produce offspring; maintain a stable body temperature; metabolize energy; consist of one or more cells; and adapt to their environment.” which a virus does not. She goes on to talk about how viruses are not a form of life because they depend on other things to grow and be active such as cells. If a virus doesn’t have these key components then it is not able to be considered living, a virus is a dependent. Port explains the key things one needs to be considered a living thing and how when it comes to a virus, it would fail to be thought of as a form of life. “In order to replicate, viruses must first hijack the reproductive equipment of a host cell, redirecting it to ‘photocopy’ the genetic code of the virus and seal it inside a newly formed container, known as the capsid.” For these reasons, a virus would not be a form of life. In order for a virus to be a form of life, it would need to reproduce which it is unable to do on its own. A virus cannot work its way and make its course without needing to rely on a cell host. Hogan explains why viruses are considered “on the edge of life” they can perform many processes found in similar organisms but lack one key component to a genuine organism, replication. Viruses depend upon a host organism for this process of replication. Understanding the reasons behind why viruses are in a grey area in the scientific field is crucial because they can be very harmful. Another example would be that viruses do not need to consume energy to survive. For these reasons and examples, a virus would not be considered a form of life. Based on the fact that it lacks key components to be living and being dependant on hosts to grow. While not being a form of life they’re harmful and need to be taken care of so that while taking its course you’re prepared. When I began research for this essay I first thought that yes, it is a form of life how not, but then I realized my hypothesis was wrong. For something to be living or a form of life; it needs to fall under a certain category which in this case, the argument “ is a virus a form of life” falls under the bus. Cited sources: C Michael Hogan (Lead Author); Sidney Draggan Ph.D. (Topic Editor) "Virus". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth May 12, 2010; Last revised Date December 30, 2010; Retrieved September 28, 2012. Encyclopedia of Earth geggel, laura. “Are Viruses Alive?” Https://Www.livescience.com/58018-Are-Viruses-Alive.html, 2017, www.livescience.com/58018-are-viruses-alive.html. Port, Jake. “Why Are Viruses Considered to Be Non-Living?” Cosmos, 13 Sept. 2017, cosmosmagazine.com/biology/why-are-viruses-considered-to-be-non-living.
“The Scarlet Ibis” by James Hurst Is about Brother and Doodle are Siblings. Brother is disappointed by Doodle. This leads him to do many cruel things to Doodle. Over the course of the story, Brother changes a lot. James Hurst describes Brothers’s change in the story, from being overly prideful of himself and ashamed of Doodle, which leads him to do many cruel things, to realizing that his pride and shame lead to the death of Doodle. Brothers main struggle in the story is between Doodle being a disappointment to him, or his brother that he loves. Through the story he seesaws back and forth between cruel ways of “fixing” Doodle and loving him. This is best shown when the are in the swamp for the first time and Brother says “‘Shut up. I’m not going to hurt you. I’m going to teach you to walk’. I heaved him up again, and again he collapsed”(Hurst 173). Even though Brother may not mean to be cruel, he is sadistic trying to remake Doodle in his own image. He considers Doodle such a disappointment, and is trying to fix him because he is embarrassed. He is trying to get Doodle too walk so when he gets to school, Doodle won't stick out so much. He is ashamed that his brother is different. Just after Brother tries to get Doodle to walk, he shows a lot of compassion. When Doodle walks for the first time “he fell, I grabbed him in my arms and hugged him, our laughter pealing through the swamp…”(Hurst 174). Doodle and Brother share a moment here. It is their first real moment of love. They are laughing and hugging. Just moments before, Brother was picking up Doodle and dropping him. He finally gets him stand, just a second and it made him less ashamed of Doodle enough for a moment of love between the two brothers. The height of Brothers cruelty comes at the height of his disappointment. After Brother pushes Doodle to far by making him row against the tide. Doodle isn't supposed to put that much physical strain on himself so when he exits the boat, he collapses. Brother is so disappointed and ashamed of him here that he says “we never spoke (what are the words that can solder cracked pride)”(Hurst 182). After Doodle collapses it kills Brothers pride. He thinks that everything that he worked for with Doodle was a failure. When Doodle collapses it shows that he was still weak, in Brother’s mind. In the story, he actually says that he can't mend his cracked pride. In Brother’s mind, Doodle failed him. All of the work that Brother put into making Doodle “normal” went to waste. Even though Doodle made so much progress and was able to walk, this one failure defined everything for him. It clouded his judgment so when it starts to lightning, Brother starts running and leaves Doodle behind. Doodle yells out behind “Brother, Brother, don't leave me!.”(Hurst 182). Doodle is already incredibly tired from rowing so when Brother started running he was left behind really quickly. Brother hears Doodle cries and internal acknowledges it, but doesn't actually do anything about it. He was so bitter that his plans with Doodle had produced nothing. He just keeps running. For Brother everything was building up to this. Doodle’s collapsing started it, than Doodle kept stepping on his heels so he started running to get away from him. When Doodle fell behind, he saw it as an opportunity to get away from him. By the end of the story, Brother comes to understand that his pride and disappointment led to the death of Doodle. He comes to understand this when he finds Doodle dead. When he found Doodle, he “For a long, long time, it seemed like forever, I lay there crying, sheltering my scarlet ibis from the heresy of the rain.”(Hurst 183). Brother is heartbroken with the knowledge that he was the one who caused Doodle’s death. He had started to somewhat develop a good relationship with Doodle but one strong flash of disappointment caused this. The Narrator is telling the story from when he was an adult. That means that even as an adult, he still looks back on. He is still trying to understand and come to terms with what happened. That means that he was so emotionally scarred from. It shows that he really did love Doodle. By “sheltering my scarlet ibis from the heresy of the rain” he is trying to protect his frail, broken, out of place brother from the truth that the rain brings. If Doodle doesn't move when the rain hits him than it means that he is officially dead. James Hurst develops a really complex character in Brother. He is really cruel to his brother, but by the end of the story he loves. This profound change, comes when Brother makes a subconscious decision to leave him, and indirectly killed him in a sudden streak of cruelty. This terrible subconscious is a lot like in A Separate Peace when Gene jounced the limb, and made Finny fall and be done with sports forever. The build up in both stories was long, but when it happened, the result left scars on both characters. In both stories they are looking back on the events as an adult. It still resonates with them and they haven't gotten over it yet.
In 1972 Billie Jean King played in the French Open, winning a prize of $600, worth about $4,000 today. Although this may appear to be a lot of money, the men’s winner received nearly 12 times the amount of Billie Jean for a total of $7,500, close to $50,000 today. (Burchard, 61) At the time this is what many people accepted, people believed that women did not deserve equal prize money. As Bobby Riggs once said, “Women belong in the bedroom and the kitchen, in that order”. (Augustyn, 2) Women were objectified and seen as good for two things, having children and staying at home to cook and clean. During a time when female athletes were not taken seriously Billie Jean King used her talent of tennis during “The Battle of the Sexes” to create equality and cause a change for women in and outside of the sports industry. Historical Context: In 1971 there were 310,000 girls and women in America playing sports at the high school or collegiate level, today there are more than 3,370,000 girls and women involved in athletics. (Barra, 1) 1971 was the year that Title IX was put into place, before Title IX women made many accomplishments in athletics. In 1926 Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim all 35 miles of the english channel, she was only the 6th person to in history to do this. (Barra, 1) Wilma Rudolph was another woman who succeeded in athletics, in the 1960 summer olympics she became the first woman to win three gold medals in track and field. (Barra, 2) Before the 1970s women could not even purchase a credit card without having a man to sign for it. (King, 22) During this time women were seen as having to be reliant on a man to do anything. Women were objectified, most men saw women as good for two things; having children and staying at home to cook and clean. Most women did not work and had to rely on men to be the “breadwinners”, or the main source of income, for the family. While men went to work every day women stayed home to cook and clean for their children and “were expected to have dinner prepared when their husbands returned home from work”. (King, 69) Not only were women not seen as equal in homes but they also were seen as lesser in the sports industry. Women demanded for a change and on June 23, 1972 President Richard Nixon signed the Education Amendments Act, also known as Title IX. This law stated that “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance” (Barra, 1) This law made it illegal for any high school, college or university to give a different amount of federal money to people bases only on their gender. Title IX was the start for quality for not only women's sports but all women in society. Event: Billie Jean King was born November 22, 1943 and grew up in Long Beach, California with her mother and father. (Burchard, 7) When she was a young girl she enjoyed playing football with all the boys in her neighborhood, when she showed up sometimes boys laughed at her because they did not think she could play with them because she was a girl. After she made a few tackles they realized that she was not someone they should be laughing at. She was also very good at softball when she was younger, but she told her mother “You know I love softball, but I think I’d prefer to be in a sport where I could be considered a lady”, so she decided to take on tennis. (Burchard, 40) From there she decided that she wanted to be above average, she wanted to not only be a good tennis player, but she wanted to make a change in the world. In 1966 she won the Wimbledon championship and stated “It was one of the proudest moments of my life”. (Burchard 42) After this she continued to play and win multiple times at various different tournaments, including the French, Australian and United States Opens. King became the first woman in more than 15 years make a clean sweep in all three Wimbledon and she became the number singles player in womens amateure tennis then decided to go pro. (Burchard, 50) After playing in numerous tournaments she became aware that she, and all other women, were being discriminated against in the sports industry. In tournaments she participated in she realized that the men's prize money sometimes was as large as twelve times bigger than the woman's prize money. After realizing this and seeing how unfair it was she decided she wanted to make a change, she became an activist in social equality and women's rights. In 1973 Bobby Riggs challenged King to play him, he said to her “You say that women provide a brand of tennis equal to men's, I challenge you to prove it. I say that you not only cannot beat a top male pro, but that you can’t even beat a tired old man like me”. (Burchard, 67) Bobby Riggs was one of the world's top tennis players in the 1940s, but when he challenged King he was fifty five years old. King declined his request in the fear that losing to him could set women back more than fifty years. (Ted Talk, 1:07) Riggs did not give up on his goal of playing a woman to try to prove his point, he later requested to play the number one female singles player, Margaret Court. She accepted his request because she was interesting in winning the ten thousand dollars he had challenged her. She did not want to play him for social change or to create equality, she only wanted the money he was offering her. King was not in support of Court playing Riggs, she said “she was not the type of person to be defiant, she didn’t enjoy standing out or being the center of attention”. (Roberts, 10) Riggs and Court played on Mother's Day of 1973, this match became known as “The Mothers Day Massacre”, Riggs beat Court in a record breaking fast 57 minutes with a score of 6-2 and 6-1. After “The Mother's Day Massacre”, Riggs challenged King again and this time she accepted for a prize of $100,000. King decided that she had no choice but to play Riggs, she said “it was all about social change”. (Ted Talk, 1:07) King was terrified of losing and setting back the women's movement but she knew she had to try to redeem all women after Court had lost so brutally to Riggs. King spent the summer before the match practicing all day while Riggs was not concerned about the match and was busy gambling or partying every day. During that same summer King established the Women's Tennis Association, becoming a “progressive force in women's tennis”. (Augustyn, 2) This association was the cause for equal prize money for men and women in the United States Open. On September 20, 1973 at the Astrodome in Houston, Texas Billie Jean King and Bobby Riggs competed in “The Battle of the Sexes”. This became the biggest sports spectacle in history at the time with 30,000 people in the arena and 90 million people watching on television or listening on the radio. When they both walked onto the court and made their grand entrances they also presented each other with “gifts”, Riggs gave King a “Sugar Daddy” lollipop, who he was sponsored by, and King gave Riggs a pig. The pig represented his self proclaimed “chauvinism” meaning that he was a sexist, and prejudiced pig. In the first set of the match King was losing 3-2 but she came out on top winning all three sets 6-4, 6-3, 6-3. (Augustyn, 3) “The Battle of the Sexes” became the basis of King’s legacy, the fight for equality and proof that women are just a worthy as men. Legacy After the match Billie Jean King became the biggest name in America next to President Richard Nixon, who called her to personally congratulate her on her win. (Roberts, 4) King also became the first female athlete to win more that one million dollars in prize money in one year, and set a precedent for all future tennis players and athletes. King also divorced from her husband, Larry, in 1987 and came out as bisexual, she was one of the first athletes to admit their bisexuality and became an advocate for gay rights. (Roberts, 179) She also advocated for all womens rights and abortion rights, she said “I want to make a change outside of the tennis world”, she wanted to make the world a better place in and outside of the athletics relm. (Roberts, 240) “The Battle of the Sexes” not only caused social change but changed Billie Jean King, she said, “No matter how many matches I won in my long career The Battle of the Sexes stands out not only for its fame but also for its instructiveness” she believes that it taught her how to deal with pressure and not to believe people that told her she cannot do something. (King, 32) She continues to teach younger players what she has learned continues to encourage them, one way she does this is through Pro-U. Pro-U is a program that works with tennis player who are just starting their career, it encourages younger players to keep playing and allows for these athletes to have someone to look up to by pairing previous players with younger players to teach them. (King, 34) She also helped to found the Women's Sports Foundation, which is another organization that encourages young female rising athletes to continue to play. She and this foundation helps to mentor girls and women in more than 130 highschool and college sports. (King, 176) In 2002 the George W. Bush Administration tried to abolish Title IX and because of the Women's Sports Foundation, the Bush Administration could not get rid of Title IX. (Roberts, 4) In 1974 King also created the Women's Sports Magazine, which wrote about the accomplishments of women in sports and important sporting events for females. Her goal was to publicize womens sports and to encourage more women to play sports through the use of a magazine. (Schwartz, 4) Billie Jean King said, “I see leaving a legacy as building a wall; we left the wall one brick higher than the people before us, and the next generation is going to set another brick and make it even higher.” (King, 176) King wanted to “leave a brick” by building upon the accomplishments of other people and have other people build on top of her legacy. Conclusion Before Billie Jean King, women, especially in athletics, were viewed as inferior to men. Women were discriminated against, they did not receive equal prize money and were not given the same opportunities as men. One example comes from the tennis world, men and women were not receiving the same amount of prize money because they were told not enough people wanted to come to watch the women's matches. Billie Jean King proved them wrong, her match against Bobby Riggs produced a record breaking 30,000 people in the audience creating a spectacle that was larger than any men's match. (Augustyn, 3) Billie Jean King left her legacy by fighting for women's rights in athletics and advocating for all women in society. She founded organizations that encourage young female athletes to pursue their goals and to never give up when they are told they cannot succeed at something.
To inaugurate, this year was atrocious, acceptable, and eye opening. The year start out not as I expected my grades were abhorrent and I had countless missing assignments and was on the road academic downfall. Not to mention that my relationship academically was ruining my relationship at home with my mother. But it was not always hardships it was also contentment, benefit, and blessing. I had contentment because god himself gave the opportunity to go into an urban school like P.S 24. I also had a benefit because not only was I learning academically but I was learning how to be streetwise and be responsible and fend for myself. And I was most of all blessed to know and learn how to stand on my on and not trust anyone have second thoughts about. Correspondingly, my prospects for myself are very high and I do not expect seventh grade to be easy. And I expect my teacher to shape me into highly collegiate student so I can be accessible for high school and go and teach at Spelman college. I also want to set many objectives for myself. One of my objectives is to graduate from 7th grade.with a stellar academic. And also put an effort to get better with consideration. And another objective is to graduate Spelman and to get my doctorate. And also to allow my family to live luxuriousness. I also want matriculate how to become a unequivocal source. I also desire to have more hours on myon and edge. And be advantageous to my classmates. In the final analysis, next year I will open eyes and completely and comprehend that good effects and condition do not come easily. You have to product on your intelligence and your expertise. I also have to lucubrate how to distance myself from dramatization. And I have to learn how to be a superintendent instead being a sycophant. And I also have to progress in concentration. And I also have too progress in auscultating. By the end of 7th grade I will be predisposed for high school. And I will also recurrently be disposed for the real world.
Dear Mr. Langin & Miss Stump, This year I learned how vile and cruel the world is. This is not a world where the “normal” is the correct choice. I’ve learned that majority of the world is evil; that does not pardon anyone who falls into the traps of the world. First, I’ve learned that the moral standards of my peers and adults are significantly lower (if moral standards even exist at all), than those of mine. Impure acts and conducts are supported through all types of media. Homosexuality and lesbian behavior, the idea of transgender (or even the idea of more than two genders), sexual conduct before marriage, profane and crude language, and the viewing of pornographic and nude images, are endorsed by music, images, videos, social media, the news, artwork, and even literature. Even by faculty members at this school, I have found supporting these ideas and concepts that stop the flow of light and good influence in the world. Both of you have endorsed such behaviors, examples of which include using profane language, the offending of other religions, and forcing students to listen to and read impure, and entirely inappropriate, messages. Both of you, in addition to other teachers, have sworn in class. Students lower the amount of profane language significantly when in the presence of adults. The kind of behavior you’ve both had, influences children and adolescents to use profane and cruel language. After just one conversation with a person, I can usually tell where they stand politically. I have high reason to believe that both of you are feminists, and believe in treating all people equally. I apologize if this is false information, and I have assumed falsely your political views. However, I doubt that either of you realizes how you have both offended almost every religion there is. You have both used, and not chastised those that use, God’s name in vanity. Such conducts are offensive to all religions, even though in different religions, there are sometimes different ideas on the characteristics of God, and who he is. With the exception of Atheism (which I believe to be less a religion, and more the lack of religion), you have both offended all religions. Our literature has no lack of evil. Most books/novels you’ve read to us (because I don’t believe there has been a book/novel this year that we’ve read by ourselves), are inappropriate. In The Giver, the author allows the readers to have an inside view on the effects of puberty on a male. Though one might argue that this is a natural occurrence, one should not be reading these graphic details (adult or child). These are just a small amount of examples you have both spread wicked influence on the world. I have learned much from one of you, and acknowledge that one is an exceptional teacher. I am not stating that that teacher is a bad human being, I’m just saying that those small disturbances in the peace can almost ruin a genuinely good year of learning. Please do not take this as a complaint letter, please take this as advice, that you may be the best teacher you can be. When I read a book, sometimes the bad language may be present, that book may still be a good book. But just think of how much better than the book could be, if it had left out that bad language. I hope you change your ways, so the incoming students may be spared the unnecessary actions that detract from one’s learning experience.
I was on the starting line with all of the other runners, eagerly waiting for the gun to go off so the one mile race can start. There were runners from different towns around Essex County because this meet was Counties. I knew some of the runners from past races, so I knew that there would be a lot of competition, and that I would have people to run with, but I was still scared out of my mind, like the first time I ever ran a race. The top six runners place, but I knew that I had it in me to win the race, but at the same time I was scared that I was going to have a bad race. I was still standing on the starting line with butterflies flying in my stomach, like the time a person is going in for a big job interview, and it felt like it has been hours, but it was really five minutes. When the official came over to check to see if everyone on the starting line was in the right place, I was so nervous that I felt like I couldn’t even move, but I kept thinking to myself “you’re gonna have the best race of your life”, which pushed me to stay in that race. The official walked over to where he shoots off the gun for the race to start, and that’s when I thought to myself “here we go”. The nervousness that was going through my body at this time was unthinkable, and it was the worst feeling ever. The official said “on your marks”, which means that the runners get into their running positions to start, and then the official said “go”, and that’s when I fell into racing mode. The start is the worst part of the race because since you’re so crammed up at the starting line, right when the race starts you have to be strong to get out infront of all the other runners. This worked out for me, and I was able to make my way out to the front early in the race. The first lap was pretty chill. I was sitting in the middle of the pack at this time to let the other runners take it out, hoping they would get tired, which indicates that I should make my move. The second lap started to hit me, but I moved pushed to move up to around fifth place out of twenty runners. I knew that if I wanted to win this race I would have to make a move soon. The third lap hit me really hard, and the burning sensation in my legs kicked in, but I still kept pushing, and by the time that lap was over I was in third place. Now, I knew to keep my place or move up to first or second, I would have to start my kick to the finish because the fourth lap of the one mile race is always the fastest, and I knew that the other kids would also start, and if I didn’t I would get passed by other runners. So, going into the fourth lap I thought to myself “you can do this, this is your race”, and that’s when I started to kick, and I sped up a lot. A quarter of the way through the fourth lap I moved into second place, with a very little gap between the first place kid and I. With about half the lap left, I went all out because there was nothing to lose, and when I caught up to the runner in first, he also started to speed up. So, with about one hundred meters left in the race, I was head to head with another runner, fighting for first place. Until about when there was fifty meters left in the race we were still head to head, but then I pushed with everything I had left, and before I knew it, I was the one running through the first place tape at the line, and it was the greatest chaos ever. It was a good and close race, but I took the win at Counties with a one mile time of four thirty two, and a two second personal best.
When a troop of howler monkeys yell, they can be heard for up to three mile. Monkeys are amazing creatures. There are many different types of monkeys, over 200 species in fact. Inside these many types of monkeys, there are two groups, Old World monkeys and New World monkeys. Sadly, many of the kinds of monkeys are endangered. For example, only 150 Tonkin Snub-Nosed monkeys are alive today. Some things we can do to help these magnificent creatures are buy sustainable products, recycle, and become active in a company, such as the Monkey Adoption Organization which are trying hard to save these animals from extinction. One of the last ways to help any animal that is being threatened with extinction is to learn more about them. Learning more about their habitat and their behaviors can also help you to understand what specific everyday things you can do to help. There are two different kinds of Old World monkeys, Cercopithecinae and Colobinae. At first they sound really similar, but are different in a few key ways. Cercopithecinae monkeys have cheek pouches to hold food, similar to hamsters and squirrels. Colobinae monkeys do not have cheek pouches, but they do have something that Cercopithecinae monkeys do not. Colobinae monkeys have stomach pouches, which help them extract nutrients from their food. Most Old World monkeys are Cercopithecines. Included in this subfamily are the Baboons, Mangabeys, Mandrills, Guenons, Patas monkeys, and Macaques. Old World monkeys have opposable thumbs, like humans. This gives Old World monkeys the ability to grasp things with their hands. Old World monkeys also have long limbs, which allows movements like swinging from trees a lot easier. Even though Old World monkeys were historically found in parts of Europe, modernly Old World monkeys are found in parts of Asia and Africa. These types of monkeys have small ears which are set outside the head and are clearly visible. Varying from dry rainforests to dry deserts, Old World monkeys can live in a whole bunch of different habitats. Old World monkeys can weigh up to 100 pounds, but that is typically only the males. The male Old World monkeys can grow to be twice as large as the females. Old World monkeys have exceptionally good eyesight. In addition to this, they can also see a whole rainbow of color. The soft, velvety baby fur of Old World monkeys is often a different color than its parents. Many Old World monkeys mainly live on the ground. Their groups range from sizes of 30 to 100. They spend a lot of their time grooming each other, picking bugs out of each others fur. Monkeys also express affection and make peace with others by grooming each other. One of the easiest ways to tell Old World monkeys and New World monkeys apart is their nostrils. Old World monkeys nostrils are close together. Old World monkeys have 32 teeth, just like humans. New World monkeys have broad noses with nostrils that are wide apart and point to the sides. They have long, flexible tails, which they use to grasp things with. Unlike Old World monkeys, New world monkeys have no cushion on their bottom. They have long fingers and only partly opposable thumbs. Most New World monkeys have 36 teeth. New World monkeys live in central and South America. New World monkeys have an additional molar or grinder tooth in each jaw. Inside the groups of New World monkeys, there are two main groups, Marmosets and Tamarins. Unlike Old World monkeys, New World monkeys are arboreal, which means they spend most of their time in trees. In fact, many of the monkeys never leave the branches. New World monkeys like to play with leaves, twigs, stones and other objects that they find. Nearly all New World monkeys are diurnal, which means they sleep at night and are out during the day. New World monkey troops are typically made up of a few males and several females, although there could be more. Their troops rarely consist of more than 20 members. New World monkey troops are very protective of their areas of forest and fight against other troops. To scare away intruders, New World monkeys make loud noises. Many New World monkeys use facial expressions or stick up their ear tufts to show emotions. They spend a lot of time grooming each other, picking bugs out of each others fur. Most New World monkeys only mate one time a year, and give birth to only one baby at a time. Even though Old World monkeys and New World monkeys might seem that they have a lot of differences, they have a lot of similarities too. For example, both kinds of monkeys rank among the most intelligent animals in the world, behind dolphins and humans. This intelligence enables them to adapt to new environments and circumstances. Most people think monkeys only eat bananas, but that isn't true. Monkeys are omnivores, which means they eat both meat and plants. All monkeys eat primarily fruits and plants, but they will both eat almost anything they can find. Birds, eggs, flowers, frogs, grass, insects, leaves, small lizards, nuts, insects, spiders, and roots are all things that monkeys enjoy eating. All monkeys live in groups usually with one or two males and many females. Even though Old World monkeys do not modernly live in trees, New World monkeys and Old World monkeys both descended from those who live in trees. All monkeys have five toes on each foot, somewhat similar to humans. The big toe on each of these feet looks like and functions like a thumb, which is why monkeys can pick up objects with their feet. All monkeys are warm blooded vertebrate. Warm blooded meaning maintaining a constant body temperature, and vertebrate meaning to have a backbone or spinal column. In addition to being warm blooded vertebrate, all monkeys are also high order primates. Primates are classified by having hands, handlike feet, and forward facing eyes, and with the exception of humans, usually live in trees. All monkeys carry children from 4 ½ to 8 months. If there is a lack of food in the troop, female monkeys will stop mating until there are better circumstances for having babies. Even when conditions are right, a mother will typically only give birth once every two years. Since humans are in some ways similar to humans, monkeys are used for research for human diseases. For example, Rh factor (an antigen found in red blood cells) was discovered during experiments with a rhesus monkeys, one of the best known types of old world monkeys. Monkeys have been helping us know more about our own species for years, which is all the more reason to help them from extinction. I hope that in the future, we can take some significant steps to help any kind of animal, especially monkeys, who are being threatened with endangerment.
There are numerous attributes that affect a family’s ability to provide for a child’s college education. Most people find that college is hardly in reach, and this is mainly due to financing issues. Along with that, a family’s past can also diminish someone’s ability to receive a college education. For example, when I was ten years old, my parents decided that their marriage was more toxic than it was beneficial, so they arranged to become divorced. My parent’s divorce was a circumstance that affected my family’s ability to provide for my college education. Until going through a divorce, no one can recognize how expensive a divorce actually costed. My mom never worked after I was born since my dad had a stable job working as a professional at a golf course that paid well. When the divorce began, my father lied to me, saying he worked late, but instead moved to a place filled with drugs, theft, and assault. Consequently, he became addicted to cigarettes and alcohol and was later was fired from his work and was unemployed for two years. Furthermore, my dad also had an affair two years antecedent to the divorce and had a child that we were not aware of, which drained money from my dad being that he needed pay child support even when he never met the child. My mother hurried to find a job, where she worked a plethora of jobs, including the secretary at Joplin High School after a tornado devastated Joplin. With little to no money, we struggled to find a place to live. We moved away and bought a two bedroom apartment for her and I. My brother dropped out of college and used my parent’s money for drugs and alcohol instead of rent. This left us in a downward spiral where we were barely able to provide for ourselves in the present, but even worse in the future. We even dug into my college funds to be able to pay for rent. We no longer had the finances to pay for my college education now that my past experiences caused economic hardship on my family, and we did not even think about saving for college. Even without money for college, the divorce also affected my emotional wellbeing. In the seventh grade, a couple years after the divorce, I was becoming more aware of what the divorce meant as I grew older. Therapy sessions commenced, which did not help me emotionally. My grades began to sharply decline, which was unusual for me because prior to that point, I had a 4.0 GPA. Eventually, I reached the point where I needed to talk to the school counselor, and I told them that I didn’t want to live anymore. I began to think that with my grades so low, and my emotional wellbeing at a point of no return, I did not want to be able to see me grow up and continue to live this way. From then on, I still am affected by the divorce in the academic setting and in general. The divorce made me become someone who I did not ever think I would become, and currently, I’m trying to change that and assemble something out of my life. The financial and emotional hardships the divorce put on my family hurt my their ability to provide for my college education. My dream was always to progress to law school, but now it is becoming real to me that I do not have the finances to carry out that dream. It has affected my long-range goals because I will never be able to be who I truly wanted to be. My whole family and I will be entrenched by the divorce for the rest of our lives, and it has put a burden on us that will hamper every major action we ever do, including my college education, and I am finally trying to reverse that trend with my family.
“But I’ve learned that intelligence alone doesn’t mean a damned thing.” – Daniel Keyes (249) From the mouth of Charlie Gordon himself, the contradicting quote to the original thought of an ethical surgery is strongly challenged. The novel Flowers For Algernon, written by Daniel Keyes, is a remarkable book of the life of a mentally disabled person. After an experimental mouse, Algernon, is put into the hands of two doctors, he begins the journey of intelligence. Charlie is then found and is the first human to be experimented on for the intellectual surgery. Shown if the novel, experimentation and calculation was not being used correctly to begin with, so, therefore, they were not able to determine a future for either of the test subjects. As presented in the novel, Daniel Keyes suggests that, with much reasoning, the intellectual surgery on Charlie Gordon was unethical. When Charlie was first told of the chance to become intelligent, he jumped on the fact that he would be like all of his friends. What he did not realize was that he disregarded the chance of possible negative outcomes as well, thus, being a major factor in the unethicality of the surgery. “Burt told him Miss Kinnian rekemmended me the best from all the people who she was teaching at the center for retarted adults” (Keyes 9). Due to Miss Kinnian recommending Charlie for the surgery, Charlie is convinced that he is for sure the right person, and that, since he is “perfect” for the surgery, nothing will go wrong. As commonly said, “ Who’s going to respect you if you don’t respect yourself”, Charlie shows that he does not fully understand the negative possibilities of the experiment and, since he agreed to the surgery due to him not being happy with his intelligence, others were not able to respect him as Charlie, rather as artificial Charlie. Also, when Charlie was in the hospital, Charlie said, “She (the nurse) says maybe I better prey to god to ask him to forgiv what they done to me. I dint eat no appels or do nothing sinful. And now Im skared. Mabey I shouldnt of let them operate on my branes like she said if its agenst god. I dont want to make god angrey” (Keyes 16). This is sheer evidence that the nurse was able to convince Charlie that what had been done to him was a sin, which gives one reasoning to believe that the doctors convinced Charlie that nothing wrong will come out of it and that he will benefit from the operation. Therefore, Charlie was not able to make a proper decision, even though he did agree, and the opinions of others fully shaped his decision. It is shown that Charlie’s surgery was unethical in the beginning of the novel, but more reasoning to think so is provided in the middle of the novel. A major scene in the novel, the convention, was where Charlie discovered the truth behind Nemur and Strauss’s scheme. When Nemur took the podium, he said, “It might be said that Charlie Gordon did not really exist before this experiment” (Keyes 161). Nemur truly believes that he invented Charlie, and that he saved him from a life of misery, or better yet, no life at all. This, of course, discouraged and angered Charlie, causing him to write, “I’m a human being, a person–with parents and memories and a history–and I was before you ever wheeled me into that operating room” (Keyes 161). The surgery did more than what had been established. On top of an advancement in his intelligence, Charlie realized that what he had gone through, and the work he had done, had gotten him nowhere. He was Charlie before the operation. The real Charlie. Charlie was able to form relationships before the operation, and functioned positively in society, but he would end up throwing this all away. He wanted to form stronger relationships, but his mental illness prevented anyone from doing so, due to the fact that they saw no point. After the surgery, Charlie is aware of his mental illness, and becomes angry about his process, which prevents him from forming the relationships he had wished for. Along with the convention, Charlie’s surgery shows much unethicality in the bakery, where he was fired from his job. Charlie’s boss/employer told Charlie on May 20, “But something happened to you, and I don’t understand what it means. Not only me. Everyone has been talking about it. I’ve had them in here a dozen times in the past few weeks. They’re all upset. Charlie, I got to let you go” (Keyes 104). Pre-surgery, Charlie was able to make a living, with a job and a roof over his head. Not until after his surgery, Charlie had lost his job, his relationships, and everything else. It is clear that Charlie was fired due to his emotional changes, which had began to occur due to his intellectual surgery. Thus, Charlie’s work life and real relationships had been destroyed by his intellectual surgery, hence the surgery being unethical. Not only was there reasoning to support the thought of unethicality in the novel during the beginning and middle of the novel, but the ending also supports the idea of a non purposeful and wrong surgery. Charlie is shown bashing himself verbally on page 249, where he says, “When I was retarded I had lost of friends. Now I have no one. Oh, I know lots of people. Lots and lots of people. But I don’t have any real friends. Not like I used to have in the bakery. Not a friend in the world who means anything to me, and no one I mean anything to” (Keyes). Charlie has been shown realizing reality throughout the whole novel, but in this scene, Charlie is recalling his past, before the surgery, and is realizing that no positive outcome had come out of the surgery, other than intelligence. Charlie increased intellectual level had allowed him to become aware of what he had been missing, including love and friendship. If the surgery were to have been permanent, Charlie would have had enough time to adjust to society and become comfortable with who he was. When he becomes to deteriorate, all he can think about is his soon loss of reading and writing. After Charlie’s makes a guess on whether Algernon and himself will deteriorate, he talks to Nemur, where he then says, “Nemur says my results have been confirmed. It means that the flaw is central and brings the entire hypothesis into question” (Keyes 257). Why should a person get eight months of intellect, and then die? This proves that the surgery on Charlie was unethical, because Charlie was able to determine if he and Algernon would deteriorate, which they end up doing. Henceforth, the surgery on both Charlie and Algernon was unethical due to the rapid deterioration and short period of intellect. Throughout the novel, Daniel Keyes explains the unethicality of the surgery, that was practiced on Charlie and Algernon. Whether Charlie’s intellectual level stayed permanent or not, the surgery was very much unethical, due to Charlie changing himself to be smarter. As shown in the novel, Charlie realized after the surgery that he was happier before being as intelligent and that his emotional level before was much better for himself as an individual. Although Charlie did agree to the surgery, the doctors did not tell him of any specific side effects of the surgery, other than the possibility of impermanence. Both Charlie and Algernon deteriorate at the end of the novel, and Charlie lives a short eight months after the beginning of his operations. Was it worth it? If Charlie and Algernon had the chance to go back and make a decision on the surgery, they would both say ‘no’. Charlie argues with himself and questions his past life multiple times in the novel, where he begins to become aware of how fulfilling and loving his past life was. After the surgery, Charlie lost everything and had no chance of getting it back without revealing what he had done. In conclusion, the intellectual surgery on both Charlie and Algernon was extremely unethical, because, “intelligence alone doesn’t mean a damned thing” (Keyes 249).
I think having a curfew is a great idea, considering all the trouble teens get into these days. Teens are meeting up with people, doing drugs or drinking underage, and they have a chance at being kidnaped. These are my reasons for why I agree so strongly with teens having a cerfew. First of all, Teens tend to think they are adults now a days, they want to grow up so fast that they do things that can get them in trouble. Teens sneak out at night to either meet up with their girlfriend, boyfriend, or their friends, and none of these situations are for a good reason most of the time. Teens do things that they THINK they are ready for, but they are not. Their minds should not be worried about sex or gangs or being the toughest kid on the block. Teens should be worried about; school, grades, sports, college, and having a innocent relationship. As a matter of fact, I know teens that are going to parties, doing drugs and drinking. This is a big problem, not only because it is illegal, but because these people are still in school, and some do sports. If these teens get caught on drugs or in a hangover during school, they will receive a huge punishment. That punishment can prevent them from furthering their education, which means hard times in the future when they try to get a job or a career. Also, if they play a sport and get caught on drugs, then they will lose their spot on the team and their chance at a scholarship. Furthermore, teens should not be out late because it’s dangerous. There are pedophiles and predators out at that time because it’s dark and not a lot of people are around that would usually be able to spot if something suspicious was happening. There are people out there that want to do bad things to kids whether it be to rob them, kidnap them, or rape them. Teens think they can handle themselves, but if a actual situation like that happened, there's not anything they would be able to do. With a gun pointed at them, or a knife held to their throats, they would panic or freeze and possibly make the situation worse. Overall, this curfew change would help benefit teens and the parents of those teens. There's really no good reason for why teens should be out that late. Nothing good happens late at night. The world and our society today is dangerous and we need to pay close attention to what is happening around us.